Women At Higher Risk for Vision Loss, Blindness

Published: April 14, 2021

women vison loss

The National Eye Institute reports that two out of three people living with blindness or vision loss are women. The fact that women on average live longer than men puts them at increased risk for degenerative eye conditions such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma. But even controlling for age, women are much more likely to lose their sight.(1)

The Discovery Eye Foundation outlines several reasons why women are more affected than men by vision loss. Women have higher rates of autoimmune diseases, include multiple sclerosis and lupus. Side effects of some of these diseases can affect vision. Hormone shifts, during pregnancy and menopause, can cause temporary eye conditions, including corneal swelling and dry eye.(2)

There is a higher rate of glaucoma among women as well. There are two kinds of glaucoma, which is the second-leading cause of blindness in the U.S. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type and affects men and women in equal proportion. Closed-angle glaucoma affects women at 2-4 times the rate it affects men. “One of the possible reasons for this is that the front chamber between the iris and cornea is shallower in women than men and can block fluids from draining out of the eye, thus increasing pressure.”(2)

The results of the U.S. National Health Interview Survey, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, showed that while women were more likely to seek eye care than men, they also were more likely to report difficulty affording eye care and eyeglasses.(3)

For providers, Edge Pharma offers a wide range of ophthalmic products, including ophthalmic blocks, combination dilating drops, antimicrobial injections (Cefuroxime and Moxifloxacin), and repackaged unit-dose Mvasi™ (Bevacizumab-awwb), an Avastin® biosimilar.

 


 

(1) Prevent Blindness, As Women are at Higher Risk for Eye Disease, Prevent Blindness Declares April as Women’s Eye Health and Safety Month, https://preventblindness.org
(2) The Discovery Eye Foundation, Women’s Eye Health, https://discoveryeye.org
(3) Varadaraj, V. M.D., Frick, K. PhD., Journal of the American Medical Association, Ophthalmology, Trends in Eye Care Use and Eyeglasses Affordability: The U.S. National Health Interview Survey 2008-2016, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov